Montana legalized the use of cannabis for medical purposes in 2014. Recreational use is illegal.
There are seven federally-recognized tribes in Montana. The DOJ marijuana policy on tribal reservations applies to these Montana tribes. Each is federally recognized as sovereign by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the U.S. Interior Department.
For a complete list of Montana tribes and their locations, see our page about Montana Tribes.
Montana tribes recognize the challenges and business opportunities of the cannabis industry, but have not announced their interests or any business plans.
October 11, 2018
A tribe in Montana is making steps to allow cannabis use by their members on their land.
The Blackfeet Nation has over 17,000 members. The Executive Committee and the Tribal Business Council of the Blackfeet Nation decided to legalize marijuana on their land. This includes the possession of medical marijuana.
The reason behind the change was due to research evidence showing relief from issues with substance and alcohol abuse.
The issue of the legalization of marijuana and Native American tribes is a complicated issue. The tribal land is considered sovereign. Tribes are allowed to create and enforce their own laws on their land. These laws are separate from the state laws. However, they still must follow the laws of the federal government.