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Montana Tribes and Cannabis

Marijuana is Fully Legal in Montana

Montana legalized the use of cannabis for medical purposes in 2014. Recreational use and sales was approved by voters in the Nov. 2020 election.

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News Headlines

News USDA-approved hemp plans expands to 32 tribes June 25, 2020 - Tribal plans approved by the USDA for self-regulation of hemp production has been granted to 32 tribes across 16 states. The latest approvals were awarded to four tribes in four states including the ... Read more News USDA approves three more tribes for hemp programs April 15, 2020 - The USDA has approved hemp plans for three more tribes to self-regulate the cultivation, production and marketing of hemp on reservation lands without oversight from state or local ... Read more News Blackfeet Nation members allowed to use medical marijuana October 11, 2018 - The Blackfeet Nation has legalized medical marijuana for its 17,000 members on their reservation. ... Read more News Congress May Block DOJ Prosecution of Medical Marijuana in 2-Year Budget
2018.02.10 - A budget deal may block the DOJ from money needed to enforce anti-cannabis laws in states that has voter approval for medical marijuana ... Read more
News U.S. Justice Dept Rescinds All Obama Marijuana Policies 01.04.2018 - The DOJ today rescinded all cannabis policies of the Obama Administration that allowed states to decide their own laws on recreational and medical cannabis. ... Read more

Montana's Federally-Recognized Tribes

There are seven federally-recognized tribes in Montana. The DOJ marijuana policy on tribal reservations applies to these Montana tribes. Each is federally recognized as sovereign by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the U.S. Interior Department.

Assiniboine & Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, MT
Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of MT
Chippewa Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's Reservation, MT
Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation
Crow Tribe of Montana
Fort Belknap Indian Community
Northern Cheyenne Tribe

For a complete list of Montana tribes and their locations, see our page about Montana Tribes.

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Montana tribes recognize the challenges and business opportunities of the cannabis industry, and a few are actively pursuing these opportunities.


Hemp is a variety of Cannabis plant grown for industrial use.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will allow tribes to self-administer hemp production on their reservations if they submit an acceptable plan. See U.S. Domestic Hemp Production Program.

USDA-Approved Hemp Plans - MONTANA

Blackfeet Nation
Chippewa Cree
Fort Belknap Indian Community
Approved Plan
Approved Plan
Approved Plan
State of MontanaApproved Plan

News Articles

Blackfeet Nation members allowed to use medical marijuana

October 11, 2018

A tribe in Montana is making steps to allow cannabis use by their members on their land.

The Blackfeet Nation has over 17,000 members. The Executive Committee and the Tribal Business Council of the Blackfeet Nation decided to legalize marijuana on their land. This includes the possession of medical marijuana.

The reason behind the change was due to research evidence showing relief from issues with substance and alcohol abuse.

The issue of the legalization of marijuana and Native American tribes is a complicated issue. The tribal land is considered sovereign. Tribes are allowed to create and enforce their own laws on their land. These laws are separate from the state laws. However, they still must follow the laws of the federal government.

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