Alaska has fully legalized cannabis making it legal for Alaska Native villages to grow and sell marijuana under federal policy.
Alaska decriminalized cannabis in 2003. Alaska Measure 2 on the 2014 election ballot was passed by the voter making marijuana legal for recreational and medical uses. The measure became law on Feb 24, 2015. It allows every Alaskan age 21 or older to have up to one ounce of marijuana in their possession and also grow up to six marijuana plants.
Federal policy allows Alaska Native Villages to regulate themselves on the use and growing of marijuana on their lands.
There are 231 Alaska Native villages1 recognized by the U.S. Department of the Interior. For a listing of these native peoples, visit our page about Alaska Tribes.
1 Source: Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 86 / Wednesday, May 4, 2016
The U.S. Department of Justice issued a marijuana drug enforcement policy for Native American lands that are recognized by the federal government as sovereign to its native peoples. The policy allows allows the cultivation and sales of cannabis on these reservation lands in states that have legalized the use of marijuana.
Alaska native villages have both federal and the state approvals to grow and sale commercial cannabis on their land.
March 14, 2019
Beginning April 11, 2019 Alaska's licensed marijuana retailers can apply for a "special onsite use endorsement" to allow customers to smoke marijuana at cannabis stores. The law requires a physical "consumption area" separated by a wall or secure door from the retail area. The consumption area could also be an outdoor patio. There must be sufficient ventilation if inside.
Alaska voters approved recreational cannabis in 2015. Last December the Alaska Marijuana Control Board approved regulations for on-site consumption, and March 12 the regulations became law when signed by Lt. Gov. Kevin Meyer.
A provision allows local governments to override the regulation by prohibiting local licensing or by tightening the rules.