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Oregon Tribes and Cannabis

Marijuana is Fully Legal in Oregon

Oregon allows the use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes. It was the first state to decriminalize possession of small amounts of marijuana. Possession of 1 ounce or less is a violation not a crime. The offense is a $500 to $1,000 fine. Retail sales of marijuana for recreational use began January 1, 2017 . These retail outlets are licensed by the Oregon Liquor Control Commission.

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News Headlines

News Warm Springs hemp plan in review at USDA December 11, 2019 - The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs have applied to the U.S. Department of Agriculture for administrative authority over hemp production on their reservation. ... Read more News Washington Tribe Sells Hemp Seeds to Oregon Food Company January 4, 2019 - The Colville Tribes has made the first ever sale of Washington-grown hemp since it was legalized in 2014. They sold hemp seeds to a hemp food company in Oregon. ... Read more News U.S. Farm Bill Legalizes Hemp December 13, 2018 - Congress has passed a new farm bill which includes the federal legalization of industrial hemp. Hemp is now classified as an agricultural product and legal to produce, distribute and sell. ... Read more

Oregon's Federally-Recognized Tribes

There are nine federally-recognized tribes in Oregon. The DOJ marijuana policy on tribal reservations applies to these Oregon tribes. Each is federally recognized as sovereign by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the U.S. Interior Department.

Burns Paiute Tribe
Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians
Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of Oregon
Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon
Coquille Indian Tribe
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians
Klamath Tribes

For a complete list of Oregon tribes and their locations, see our page about Oregon Tribes.

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Oregon tribes recognize the challenges and business opportunities of the cannabis industry, and a few are actively pursuing these opportunities.


Hemp is a variety of Cannabis plant grown for industrial use.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will allow tribes to self-administer hemp production on their reservations if they submit an acceptable plan. See U.S. Domestic Hemp Production Program.

USDA-Approved Hemp Plans - OREGON

Confederated Tribes of Warm SpringsApproved Plan
State of OregonUnder USDA

News Articles

Warm Springs hemp plan in review at USDA

December 11, 2019

The 2018 Farm Bill allows U.S. states and tribes to apply for U.S. Department of Agriculture approval to administer regulatory authority over hemp production within their borders. The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs has submitted a hemp plan for their reservation to the USDA and await its review.

The State of Oregon has submitted a similar plan for hemp production and is also waiting for USDA review.

The growth of the U.S. industrial hemp market is predicted to grow from $4.6 billion in 2019 to $26.6 billion by 2025. Warm Springs hopes USDA approval will relieve some of the unemployment caused by business closures in recent years. The Kah-Nee-Ta resort closed last year and a reservation-owned timber mill closed in 2016.

The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs own Warm Springs Cannabis, which grows and processes cannabis for medical and recreational purposes.

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Warm Springs Cannabis is a 100% Tribally owned

May 9, 2016

The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs broke ground on Oregon's first tribal-owned marijuana cultivation operation. They are building a 36,000-square-foot greenhouse on five acres of their reservation.

Cannabis products will be branded "Warm Springs Cannabis". The tribe hopes to open three outlet shops in Portland and Bend. First year sales forecast is $11 million. Second year is $26 million.

Website: https://warmsprings-nsn.gov/program/warm-springs-cannabis/