Nation | Tribe: Koi Nation of Northern California
222 East Shiloh Road
Santa Rosa, CA 95402
Shiloh Resort & Casino is a $600 million casino resort proposed for Sonoma County by the Koi Nation. The tribe is seeking federal approval to build the casino complex on a 68-acre site northeast of Santa Rosa, California.
The Koi Nation has partnered with the Chickasaw Nation of Oklahoma, which operates 23 casinos including the largest in the world, Winstar World Casino & Resort. The Chickasaw will help with development and run the daily casino operations.
The Koi Nation is a federally-recognized tribe, which is seeking federal approval to build the Shiloh Resort & Casino in Sonoma County, California. The Tribe has submitted an application to the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs to build the casino under authority of the U.S. Indian Gaming Regulatory Act. The approval process is lengthy and expected to take 2-4 years.
WHO IS THE KOI NATION?
The Koi Nation of Northern California is a federally-recognized tribe headquartered in Santa Rosa. The tribe has a 17,000-year history in the Sonoma and Lake Counties area. Koi Nation was formally recognized by the federal government in 2019 and purchased the 68-acre site for the casino hotel in 2021.
The Koi Nation received federal recognition, which is a prerequsite to qualify for an Indian gaming casino.
The Koi Nation unveiled plans to build the Shiloh Resort & Casino on a newly purchased, 68-acre site in Sonoma County. The tribe also announced it has filed a casino application with U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs.
An Environmental Impact Study will be prepared by the U.S. Department of Interior and followed by public hearings in late 2022 to address local issues and concerns.
Koi Nation announced a partnership with the Chickasaw Nation of Oklahoma for the development and operation of the Shiloh Resort & Casino. News story
The Koi Nation gained a powerful political ally, the Northern California Carpenters Union, by comitting to to only hire union labor for construction of the Shiloh Resort & Casino. News story
If the environmental impact is approved, the Koi Nation must negotiate with Sonoma County and city jurisdictions to mitigate government costs for supporting services, such as fire, police and emergency aid. The Koi Nation will also negotiate with the State of California for a gaming compact to support Class III slot machines and table games.
If all goes as planned, construction could start as early as 2023. It is expected the construction of Shiloh Resort & Casino will take two years to complete.
The planned site of the Shiloh Resort & Casino is currently a vineyard between Highway 101 and the Shiloh Ranch Regional Park. The location is near Windsor at East Shiloh Road and Old Redwood Highway.
Courtesy of The Press Democrat
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The Shiloh Resort & Casino complex will encompass 1.2 million square feet and include a casino with 2,500 slot machines, table games, six restaurants, a 200-room hotel with spa, and a conference center. All buildings will be smoke free. See renderings.
2,500 slot machines
Table games, poker and other gaming - TBA
Additional information TBA
Six dining venues are planned. Further details are pending.
200 guest rooms and suites
Additional information to be announced.
Details to be announced.
The following images are artist renderings of the Shiloh Resort & Casino that were released by the Koi Nation on Setember 15, 2021.
Exterior View - Day
Exterior View - Evening
June 16, 2022
Sonoma County is preparing a formal response to the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) regarding the Koi Nation plans to build an Indian gaming casino near Windsor, California. The County has been soliciting public comments on the issue and will issue a report to the BIA on June 20. Comments can be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Last year Koi Nation filed an application with the Bureau of Indian Affairs requesting the U.S. Department of Interior transfer a 68-acre parcel of land northeast of Santa Rosa into federal trust for the purpose of building a casino named Shiloh Resort & Casino. Currently the tribe is preparing a preliminary environmental impact report as an attachment to the application.
The proposed Shiloh Resort & Casino project is publicly opposed by the other five tribes living in Sonoma County.
April 8, 2022
The Sonoma County Board of Supervisors voted unanimously Tuesday to adopt a resolution opposing the Koi Nation's plan to build a casino at 222 East Shiloh Road near Windsor.
The resolution along with letters of opposition from five Sonoma County tribes have been filed with the U.S. Department of the Interior in an attempt to stop the casino project. The Department is considering whether to approve the transfer of the casino site into federal trust for the Koi Nation, thereby giving the land sovereignty over state and local governments.
Koi Nation was federally recognized in 2019 and purchased the 68-acrea casino site in Sep 2021. The Sonoma County Board of Supervisors and the five opposing tribes claim the Koi Nation does not have the ancestral ties to the land needed for casino approval.
February 18, 2022
The Koi Nation gained the support of labor last week in a deal with the Northern California Carpenters Union. The tribe signed a binding letter of intent to guarantee that only union labor will be employed for construction of the Shiloh Resort & Casino. This partnership secures a powerful political ally for the casino project.
"This represents not only a commitment to union labor on the project, but also a tremendous opportunity for Sonoma County residents, as well as Native Americans, to be trained in a skilled trade that will help secure their futures."
- Dino Beltran, Koi Nation Director of Development
The Koi Nation needs public support for federal approval to build the Shiloh Resort & Casino. Labor support will be an important factor in that decision.
February 3, 2022
The Koi Nation of Northern California plans to build a $600 million casino resort north of San Francisco. Last week the small tribe announced it is partnering with the Chickasaw Nation of Oklahoma to develop and operate the Sonoma County casino, which will be named Shiloh Resort & Casino.
The Chickasaw Nation, through its wholly-owned Global Gaming Solutions LLC, operates 23 casinos including Winstar World Casino and Resort, the largest casino in the world.
"We are honored to build this important business relationship with our brothers and sisters of the Chickasaw Nation, one of the most experienced Native American tribes in the gaming industry,"
- Darin Beltran, Koi Nation Tribal Chair
Shiloh Resort & Casino will be a non-smoking casino with 2,500 slot machines, six restaurants, a 200-room hotel and a conference center.
September 24, 2021
The Koi Nation began a long and difficult journey last week after announcing plans to build the $600 million Shiloh Resort & Casino in Sonoma County. The tribe must now fight its way through the federal approval process, fight legal challenges from opposition groups, negotiate financial support, and win state approval for a gaming compact.
Two other Sonoma tribes have gone through this same experience to build a casino and each plan ended with opposite results. In 2002 the Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians announced plans to build a $320 million casino resort on tribal land on the southeast border of Cloverdale. The casino project has languished for nearly two decades without financial support and with local opposition.
The other Sonoma tribe is the Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, which announced plans to build a casino in 2003. It took the tribe ten years to win government approvals and defeat lawsuits before opening the Graton Resort & Casino in Rohnert Park in 2013.
The Koi Nation is now starting down a similar path taken by these two tribes.
"We're aware of how the battle will be. It's important we don't get excited. We'd be fools not to know the situation. We're prepared."
-Darin Beltran, Koi Nation Chairman
The Koi Nation has already started the government approval process by submitting an application to the U.S. Department of Interior to take the tribe's 68-acre vineyard site near Shiloh Ranch Regional Park into federal trust for the purpose of building the Shiloh Resort & Casino. The federal process is expected to take 2-4 years.
Opposition to the casino is already forming. Local residents have met to discuss legal options to stop the project. The Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria have also expressed strong opposition with this statement:
"My tribe, the Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, strongly opposes the Koi Nation's attempt to acquire 68 acres of land in trust for a casino and hotel in Santa Rosa, Sonoma County. This is an egregious attempt at reservation shopping outside the Koi Nation's traditional territory and within the territory of other federally recognized tribes."
- Greg Sarris, Chairman Graton Rancheria
Shiloh Resort & Casino plans include a casino with 2,500 slot machines, six restaurants, a hotel with 200 guest rooms and a conference center.
September 17, 2021
The Koi Nation announced plans Wednesday to build a $600 million resort casino on 68 acres of vineyards it recently purchased in Sonoma County. The tribe has submitted a casino application to the Bureau of Indian Affairs within the U.S. Department of Interior. If approved, the land would transfer into federal trust for the tribe giving the land sovereign rights over state juridiction, and allowing the tribe to build the casino.
If approved by the federal govenment, the Shiloh Resort & Casino can operate Class II gaming without state approval. The tribe intends to negotiate a Class III gaming compact with the state which will allow Vegas-style slot machines and table games. In return the tribe will pay the state a percentage of net revenues.
The federal approval process will begin within a few months with the an environmental impact study following by a report and public hearings. That is expected to take about a year.
It is likely there will be lawsuits filed by casino opponents that may delay the approval process. The Shiloh Resort & Casino project should be approved within 2-4 years; however, the lawsuits could extend that time indefinitely.
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